Great Benefits of Irrigation.
Where plants are supplied with water artificially it is known as irrigation. The water is availed at the plants in intervals since the irrigation process requires proper handling and wastage free process. Areas receiving less amounts of rainfall are the main users of irrigation. Irrigation is core in maintaining the countryside view and structure.
Under agricultural purposes, irrigation is used to reduce growth of weed. The improper hardness of the soil can be eliminated through irrigation and hence ensure that the soil is efficient for growing plants. Irrigation is mainly applied in the agricultural and crop production, but it is also used in livestock production for cooling livestock bodies. Dust can be reduced and controlled through irrigation. Other major uses of irrigation include mining irrigation, to soften rocks and also control dust in mining areas. Sewage disposal can also be done through irrigation. The removal of water where it is not supposed to be can be regarded as drainage which can be wholly defined as a way of irrigation.
Different countries and different cultures have integrated the use of irrigation through different methods. Many countries have had use of irrigation in maintaining crop production to ensure self-sustaining production of food. Irrigation has been greatly used in desert and semi-desert countries throughout a large period of time. Due to rise in technology, irrigation has also experienced rise in terms or practice. Water is being supplied to the dry areas of different countries through the proper utility and exploitation of the water bodies available in the country.
There are various ways and types of irrigation depending on the method of application of water to the crops. The amount of water supplied to plants is dependent on the water consumption needs of the plant. For growth, some plants may require large amounts of water while others may not hence a variance in terms of water required for irrigating different plants. Among the oldest type of irrigation is the surface irrigation. Irrigation to the farming land is done through furrows. Flooding may result especially when the soil has received enough water. This method is mainly used under areas with sufficient and probably heavy supply of water in and it is still being used in countries with sufficient water bodies.
Other types of irrigation include the micro irrigation which can also be known as the trickle irrigation. This type of irrigation involves supply of water through pipes under a certain sequence in lower quantities to the plants. This is basically a type of drip irrigation and may also involve using other structures such as sprinklers and sprays. Yakima Irrigation is an example of a destination that initiates the appropriate mode of irrigation while also helping their clients in the structures and equipment needed for irrigation.